The average lifespan of an internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle is around 133,000 miles. However, experts estimate that the average electric vehicle (EV) battery can last up to 200,000 miles, and some manufacturers are even promising more than that. Lithium-ion battery packs are expensive, but they have a long life. So far, the typical EV battery has been shown to last for about 200,000 miles, or almost 20 years.
Tesla is rumored to be developing a battery for EVs that will last 1,000,000 miles, much longer than the average vehicle lifespan of 11.9 years. Major EV manufacturers report few battery replacements in the past decade. EV batteries undergo “discharge” cycles when driving and are “charged” when plugged in. Repeating this process over time affects the amount of charge the battery can hold, reducing its range and time needed between each trip to charge.
Most manufacturers have a five- to eight-year warranty for the battery. However, the current prediction is that an
electric carbattery will last 10 to 20 years before needing to be replaced. In general, EV batteries last 10 to 20 years, but some factors can reduce their lifespan. For example, batteries can degrade faster in warmer climates as heat doesn't combine well with EVs.
In addition, charging the battery at a level 3 station may cause it to overheat due to the fast charging process, adversely affecting performance and longevity. EVs don't require as much maintenance as conventional cars, but they should still be taken to the repair shop from time to time. A study conducted by the AAA found that when the ambient temperature drops to 20°F or lower and the vehicle's heater is used, the average operating range of an EV is reduced by 41 percent. With an electric or gasoline engine, car owners expect any car they buy today to be safe, efficient and reliable in a few years' time.
Simpler EV powertrains require less service, making required services more critical. While it's normal for an iPhone to undergo this process frequently, car owners expect more out of their trips in four to five years. The way a battery and the car's electric motor work together is surprisingly simple: the battery is connected to one or more electric motors which drive the wheels. Most EV manufacturers claim that the battery will last as long as the life of the car, even considering its reduced capacity.
Federal law requires EV battery warranties to last at least eight years or 100,000 miles, but other components usually have a shorter warranty of three years or 36,000 miles. Electric motors usually have only one moving part compared to several hundred parts in an engine. Batteries heat up as they charge and discharge but cars are designed with cooling systems to keep them cool; high-performance EVs sometimes have liquid cooling systems that help prevent extreme heat from damaging lithium-ion chemistry. While cars with an ICE obtain energy from gasoline or diesel combustion, EVs draw their energy directly from a large battery pack.
Since EVs are usually not equipped with a transmission, only a downshift, they are winners when comparing transmission life.