Electric cars are becoming increasingly popular, but they face a number of challenges that must be addressed before they can become the norm. Battery technology is expensive and, since batteries in
electric carsmust be able to hold large amounts of charge for cars to be practical for most drivers, they have to be manufactured from expensive materials, most of which are difficult to obtain. This makes electric cars more expensive than comparable gas-powered cars, making consumers reluctant to adopt them. In order for electric cars to become more affordable, manufacturers need to increase production volume and utilize economies of scale.
However, this requires many consumers to buy electric cars, something that probably won't happen without lower prices. Additionally, the shift to electric vehicles requires mining and supply chains to support it, as batteries require a lot of minerals. Safety is another concern when it comes to electric cars. Lithium-ion batteries in electric cars are fuel and can catch fire if damaged, although they have a much lower risk of catching fire than gasoline in conventional vehicles.
To avoid external damage or short circuits, electric car batteries are usually surrounded by a protective cooling cover filled with cooling liquid. Range is another issue for electric car owners. Most electric cars can travel around 181 miles (or about 290 km) on a single charge, which is fine for most everyday commuters. However, those who need to travel long distances on a regular basis may find the range of most electric vehicles insufficient.
The government has taken steps to address these issues. The Biden administration has set the goal that “50 percent of all new passenger cars and light vehicles sold in 2030 are electric” and has issued an executive order requiring a national plan for electric vehicle supply equipment within three years of its approval. California has also set a zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) goal of 1.5 million vehicles by 2025 and has passed legislation requiring price guidelines for charging stations.Electric cars are becoming increasingly popular, but there are still many challenges that must be addressed before they can become the norm. Battery technology is expensive and difficult to obtain, making electric cars more expensive than gas-powered cars.
Additionally, mining and supply chains must be developed to support the shift to electric vehicles, safety concerns must be addressed, and range must be improved for those who need to travel long distances on a regular basis. The government is taking steps to address these issues, but more work needs to be done before electric cars can become the norm.